The manager of a car wash received a revised price list from the vendor who supplies soap, and a promise of a shorter lead time for deliveries. Formerly the lead time was four days, but now the vendor promises a reduction of 25 percent at that time. The annual usage of soap is 4,500 gallons. The car wash is open 360 days a year. Assume that daily usage is normal and that it has a standard deviation of 2 gallons per day. The ordering cost is $ 30 and the annual carrying cost is $ 3 a gallon. The revised price list (cost per gallon) is shown in the following table:
Quantity _______________Unit Price
400?799 ????.????? 1.70
800+ ?????.??.???. 1.62
a. What order quantity is optimal?
b What ROP is appropriate if the acceptable risk of a stockout is 1.5 percent?